The luxury goods and fashion markets are of great importance to the economies of many countries.
Italy, for example, is the leading country in terms of the number of companies operating in the sectors. Furthermore, these are growing sectors. The Italian fashion industry alone grew by 1.4% in 2016 to € 83.6 billion. Furthermore, recent research has estimated the value of Italian brands to be 1.521 billion dollars and the value of “made in Italy” to be over 200 billion dollars.
However, the luxury goods and fashion sectors represent an important component of the national economies of many other countries (including France, Japan, United States, Russia, etc.)
For example, according to the OCED, the total value of leather products and bags and cloth products in 2013 reached 74.1 billion and 252 billion, respectively, for a total of 326.1 billion. The counterfeit products for these two sectors amounted to 8.6 billion and 27.7 billion, respectively, for a total value of 36.3 billion, or 11% of the market for that year.
The phenomenon of counterfeiting is a major threat for these strategic sectors. It affects both the interests of the state, of producers and of consumers. Accordingly, it has received growing attention in recent years both from the public and from institutions.